Test Agreement of Subject and Verb

Test Agreement of Subject and Verb: Essential Tips for Error-Free Writing

Agreement of subject and verb is a fundamental rule of grammar that every writer should master. Proper subject-verb agreement is essential for clear and effective writing, and it helps to convey ideas accurately. The purpose of this article is to guide you through the test agreement of subject and verb and provide you with essential tips for error-free writing.

Subject-verb agreement refers to the matching of the subject in a sentence with the correct verb form. When constructing a sentence, the verb must agree with the number, gender, and person of the subject. In other words, if the subject is singular, the verb must be singular, and if the subject is plural, the verb must be plural as well.

Here are some essential tips to help you test the agreement of subject and verb:

1. Understand the rules of subject-verb agreement

To test the agreement between the subject and the verb, you first need to understand the basic rules of subject-verb agreement. Here are some essential rules to keep in mind:

– A singular subject requires a singular verb.

– A plural subject requires a plural verb.

– Compound subjects (two or more subjects joined by “and”) usually require a plural verb.

– When a singular and a plural subject are joined by “or,” “nor,” or “either… or,” the verb agrees with the subject that is closer to the verb.

– Indefinite pronouns (such as “everybody,” “someone,” “each,” and “either”) are always singular, so they require singular verbs.

– Collective nouns (such as “team,” “audience,” and “class”) can either be singular or plural, depending on the context.

2. Identify the subject and the verb

To test the agreement between the subject and the verb, you need to identify both the subject and the verb in the sentence. The subject is the noun or pronoun that performs the action of the verb, and the verb is the action or state of being that the subject performs.

For example:

– The cat chases the mouse. (Subject: cat, verb: chases)

– They are playing basketball. (Subject: they, verb: are playing)

3. Check for subject-verb agreement errors

Once you have identified the subject and the verb, you need to check if they agree in number, gender, and person. If there is any disagreement, the sentence is grammatically incorrect and needs to be revised.

For example:

– The cat chases the mouse. (Correct)

– The cat chase the mouse. (Incorrect)

In this example, the subject “cat” is singular, so the verb “chase” (which is plural) does not agree with it. The correct verb form should be “chases” (singular), as in the first sentence.

4. Revise for clarity and precision

In addition to testing for subject-verb agreement, you should also revise your sentences for clarity and precision. Make sure that your sentences are clear and easy to understand, and that they convey your intended meaning accurately.

For example:

– The group of boys was playing football. (Correct)

– The group of boys were playing football. (Incorrect)

In this example, the subject “group” can be either singular or plural, depending on the context. However, in this sentence, the noun “group” is singular, so the verb “was” (singular) is the correct form. This sentence is also clearer and more precise than the second sentence, which may confuse readers with the use of “were.”

In conclusion, understanding the rules of subject-verb agreement is essential for clear and effective writing. By identifying the subject and the verb in your sentences and testing for agreement, you can ensure that your writing is grammatically correct and error-free. Keep in mind these essential tips and revise your sentences for clarity and precision, and you`ll be on your way to becoming a master of subject-verb agreement.